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Improving Water and Sanitation Access in Mali

Residents of Mai’ls Koutiala’s village, where Tetra Tech performs baseline water assessments to identify infrastructure
Tetra Tech is supporting local governments throughout southern Mali to plan for, construct, and manage rural drinking water systems, irrigated community gardens, and fecal sludge treatment plants.
Access to drinking water and sanitation infrastructure is limited throughout southern Mali. According to the Government of Mali, nearly 80 percent of the population lacks basic drinking water access in the most underdeveloped areas, and most families and communities lack access to safely managed sanitation services. Water security challenges in Mali also create access issues for farmers, leaving them vulnerable to climate change-driven droughts and threatening Mali’s agricultural sector.


  • Providing 185,000 people with basic water access
  • Cultivating the development of irrigated gardens for more than 1,800 people
  • Delivering access to safely managed sanitation for 35,000 people
  • Leveraging $5.4 million in new infrastructure funding

The impacts of these challenges are cross-cutting and disproportionately affect low-income and other vulnerable populations. Women and youth spend significant amounts of time each day searching for water, which limits their opportunities to generate income and pursue education. Children also bear the worst impacts of waterborne illnesses driven by poor sanitation and lack of safe water access, including stunting, which is compounded by crop failures during droughts.

Tetra Tech’s water and sanitation experts are supporting the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to counter these challenges across 60 communes in Mali’s Sikasso, Koutiala, and Bougouni regions. Through the five-year USAID Anka Jiko Activity, Tetra Tech will work to improve access to and quality of rural domestic and productive water and sanitation services by building or rehabilitating critical water and sanitation infrastructure. This includes rural drinking water systems, fecal sludge treatment plants, and community gardens. Our experts also work to strengthen the planning and management capacity of Mali’s commune councils and water, sanitation, and agricultural service directorates.

USAID Anka Jiko will enhance the sustainability of these investments by increasing public engagement, including women and youth empowerment activities. The project will provide opportunities for women and youth to represent their interests and express their concerns regarding infrastructure planning, management, and service accountability. Additionally, we will work directly with water and sanitation service providers to build their management capacity, and to strengthen their linkages with private sector actors to monitor service delivery.

A common household in a target area of Mali where Tetra Tech is working to expand access to clean water
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