Tetra Tech strengthened the capacity of Peru’s Judicial System to implement its Criminal Procedure Code (CPC) with an emphasis on corruption cases.
In 2011 Peru began the nationwide implementation of a new CPC to combat corruption. The CPC posed major challenges to Peruvian justice sector institutions in terms of organizational adaptation, interinstitutional coordination, and reform dissemination. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) selected Tetra Tech to implement the three-year Promoting Justice and Integrity in Public Administration (Pro-Integridad) project to strengthen the capacity of the Peruvian justice sector and support anti-corruption reforms outlined in the CPC. Our team worked closely with the Peruvian judiciary, the Attorney General, the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights, and the Special Committee for the Implementation of the Criminal Procedure Code, while supporting civil society to educate the public and monitor the anti-corruption systems introduced.
Thanks to the valuable and determined contribution...of the ‘USAID Government Integrity Project’ (ProIntegridad), the Judicial Branch of Peru has at its disposal the unpublished Judicial Manual of Clear and (Citizen) Accessible Language, which is a novel and complementary resource that will accompany the development of judicial processes and will improve the communication of judges with citizens, litigants and lawyers and, in turn, general understanding and trust around justice. We are convinced that this important tool will be our best ally in the irreversible transition we have begun to move from a culture of complexity and secrecy to the paradigm of simplicity and clarity in judicial language.Ted Gehr, USAID Mission Director
Tetra Tech worked with the Institute of Democracy and Human Rights of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (IDEHPUCP) to develop a specialized justice system Diploma Course on resolving corruption cases. The course trained 120 judges, prosecutors, and public attorneys from Lima and the Amazon region to improve their application of the CPC in cases involving corruption.
Tetra Tech also adapted the Institutional Integrity Model™ (IIM) to improve the capacity of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights and the Public Ministry to implement anti-corruption reforms. For the IIM, the team developed materials including a code of ethical conduct and instituted a monitoring system to measure the application of the CPC with regards to corruption cases. A total of 51 judges and 158 administrative staff members in Lima, Loreto, San Martín, and the Amazon region were trained to schedule and manage oral trials under the CPC.
To enhance public access to and understanding of the courts, Tetra Tech provided grants to civil society organizations, focusing on those representing indigenous populations, to allow them to engage with the courts. The project also conducted several citizen workshops to explain court monitoring and access, developed a manual to provide insight into how to craft judicial statements in plain and accessible language, and created a search engine to facilitate citizen access to previous court judgments in corruption cases.
The Pro-Integridad team also developed an innovative methodology to calculate the appropriate value of reparations that should be paid to the government for damage caused by corrupt public officials. The methodology takes into account patrimonial damages and extra-patrimonial damages and uses a computer simulator tool to calculate automated civil reparations. The simulator was installed on 32 computers in the Public Attorney’s Offices in Chachapoyas, Iquitos, Lima, and Tarapoto, and the project team trained 35 members of the Public Attorney’s Office to use the tool.
Tetra Tech worked in targeted districts to increase the capacity of the Peruvian judicial system to resolve corruption cases, increase the capacity of the judiciary to address internal corruption, and strengthen the judicial system’s capacity to address corruption through effective civil society engagement. We developed and applied improved case management models to enhance court administration and case management of specialized anti-corruption courts and prosecution offices, and developed indicators, methodologies, and instruments for monitoring and evaluating CPC implementation.
The program will have a lasting impact on Peru’s judicial sector. Through continued implementation of the IIM by the Public Ministry and the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights, ethical standards and efficiency will remain an important part of these Ministries’ practices. The program also targets long-term impact through capacity building initiatives such as trainings and the project’s Diploma Course, which trains justice system officers to process corruption cases correctly. To ensure sustainability of these capacity building efforts, the Academy of the Magistracy incorporated the Diploma Course permanently into its programming.