Local Government Capacity Building, Haiti
Local governance in Haiti is characterized by weak municipalities and low citizen engagement. Municipal governments have little decision-making authority over their communities and depend on national government funding. The Haitian state continues to provide relatively few public services, especially in rural areas. Although constraints to local governance exist, there are opportunities for improving the ability of municipal governments to deliver services to their citizens, especially in light of the strain put on all levels of government since the 2010 earthquake.
The Limiyè ak Òganizasyon pou Kolektivite yo Ale Lwen Plus (LOKAL+) project, funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), builds on the experience and lessons learned through two earlier projects that Tetra Tech implemented between 2007 and 2012. LOKAL Plus works in targeted communes to improve their administrative capacity to generate revenues and deliver public services. It addresses areas such as strategic planning, budgeting, tax collection, financial and program management, prioritizing of services, and outreach to citizens; it is also building the capacity of local institutions.
LOKAL+ is a model project for monitoring and evaluation data collection, management, and reporting using web maps and graphic visualization.USAID/Haiti
Tetra Tech is working in 10 targeted communes to train municipal staff and build capacity in support of the following objectives:
- Strengthen the capability of communal governments to provide services
- Generate a sustainable increase in local revenues for local services
- Leverage greater access to central government funding and services
- Improve national-level policy and legislation in support of decentralization and de-concentrated services
- Increase transparency, oversight, and accountability of local governments and de-concentrated service providers
Working with the Ministère de l'Intérieur et des Collectivités Territoriales, Tetra Tech provides technical assistance at the national level to enact legislation for decentralization and to establish a local government institute. We are working with the national tax authority on an improved system to collect business taxes and data, thereby increasing revenue mobilization. We are studying the block grants intended for communes, and we are working to improve transparency and accountability in commune governance. We are developing a web-based mapping tool to present spatial project data, which will be accessible to the public.